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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-7

Derivation and validation of oral health impact profile-14 for odia-speaking adults

1 Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Institute of Dental Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences and SUM Hospital, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 Department of Development Journalism and Electronic Media, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anurag Satpathy
Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Institute of Dental Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University, Khandagiri Square, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdas.jdas_44_16

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Background: Assessment of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is gaining importance. However, there is unavailability of such a tool in the linguistically and culturally different settings such as that of Odisha. The aim of this study was derivation and validation of Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) for Odia-speaking adults. Methods: The OHIP-14 questionnaire was translated into the Odia language conforming to the standard cross-cultural translation methodology. The tool was validated and used for estimating the quality of life in 150 dental patients (36.31 ± 11.57 years; 77 males and 73 females). The internal consistency for reliability was measured using Cronbach's alpha. Construct validity of the instrument was checked with self-reported oral health and oral hygiene index scores. Results: Cronbach's alpha for the Odia version of the OHIP-14 was 0.862. The corrected item-total correlation coefficients ranged from 0.316 (functional limitation) to 0.674 (handicap). It was observed that patients with good self-perceived oral health had significantly lower OHIP-14od scores and those with poor oral hygiene had significantly greater OHIP-14od scores. Conclusion: Despite cultural variations, the translated Odia version of the OHIP-14 questionnaire is a reliable and valid instrument to measure the OHRQoL in the Odia-speaking adult population.

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